Was it really a "witch?"
The reason behind the legend's name, which dates
back to the early 1800s, is that the early settlers considered most anything
that baffled them as "witchery." Keep in mind
that Bell Witch events reportedly happened only 125 years or so after the Salem "Witch
Trials," and that widespread paranoia about unexplainable things and
behavior ran rampant. "The Bell Witch" was the name given in the 1800s, and
it has stuck ever since.
Do YOU, personally, believe in the Bell Witch?
As a writer and storyteller, my job is to tell you the legend of the Bell Witch. As a researcher
and historian, my job is to locate and study relevant information, share my
findings, and continue my research. I
do not work to prove or disprove the existence of the Bell Witch. I
am here to research and get to the bottom of what gave rise to the
legend in the first place, whether it be spiritual or human. I
share my findings with the hope of helping you to draw your own conclusion.
I believe that "something" happened that gave rise to the legend, but
that is all.
Also, my opinions about the Bell Witch legend
changes from time to time,
based on where my research takes me. The ability to approach all findings
with an open mind, and to explore all possibilities from all angles, is the
cornerstone of balanced, credible research.
Is the Bell Witch just a take-off of "The Blair Witch Project?"
No. The legend of the Bell Witch has been in existence for 200
years; The Blair Witch Project has only been in existence since 1999. The Bell Witch was
mentioned in one of the
movie's pre-release documentaries, but that is the end of it. The stories are entirely different,
and the writer/director has stated that the movie was named after a real
person with the surname of Blair.
Is the Bell Witch an "urban legend?"
No. The legend of the Bell Witch has been around for almost 200 years, and
it came from Tennessee's early frontier.
The area is still quite rural today.
Is it true that over 35 books have been written about the subject?
No. Twenty-five (25) or so books have been written about the subject, and there
little room for any more unless new, historically-validated information becomes
available. Most pertinent information about the case has
already been found, analyzed, and reported. The
overall number of published works is much greater than 25, however,
if magazine, newspaper, and blog articles are factored in.
Who owns the legend of the "Bell Witch?"
The number of individuals and companies who feel that they "own" the
legend, or that they should own it, is mind-boggling. Being obsessed with the legend, or feeling that
one's own theory or research is the only correct way to go, does not
constitute ownership. It constitutes passion and an opinion, and nothing more. Legends are not
"owned;" they are a product of the "folk,"
handed down over many generations of folks. The legend of the
Bell Witch belongs to the "folk," each and every one of us. Enjoy
Who was the Bell Witch?
According to the legend, the Bell Witch (Kate) was a supernatural entity,
not a person. It was sometimes called
"Kate" because some people thought an eccentric lady named Kate
Batts was behind the disturbances. No available records connect Mrs. Batts
to the legend in any way, and the alleged incident that some people
allege triggered it did not even involve Mrs. Batts, but her
Was Mrs. Batts the niece of Lucy Bell, and how was her name spelled?
Genealogy information from North Carolina, along with census and other
information in Tennessee, strongly suggests that Mrs. Batts was the niece of
Bell. Specifically, she was the daughter of John Williams, Jr., Lucy Williams Bell's brother. This
probable connection was
discovered by Tim Henson of Adams, Tennessee. Additionally, Mrs. Batts'
husband, Frederick, was the brother of Jeremiah Batts, who was married to
Elizabeth Williams, Lucy Williams Bell's sister. Frederick and Jeremiah
Batts were the brothers of Benjamin Batts, the man with whom John Bell had a
dispute that ultimately resulted in his
from Red River Baptist Church.
Batts' first name is spelled with a "C," and not a
"K." I discovered this fact many years ago while researching
legal documents at the Robertson County Archives. The name in the
document, where Mrs. Batts was a witness to the signing of a legal document, was spelled, "Caty."
There is reportedly a document in North Carolina, which I have not yet seen,
that lists her name as "Cate." I feel that "Caty" is possibly a
nickname for "Cate."
I will always spell her name with a "K" because the modern-day
spelling is with a "K" ninety-nine percent of the time, even in
cases where "Kate" is used as a nickname for "Catherine,"
which is spelled with a "C."
Were the people and places mentioned in the Bell Witch legend real?
Yes, and in many cases they lived even more exciting lives than what the
legend states. Public
records, private records, and grave markers bear their names. They
lived during the early 1800s and have many descendants today. For detailed
historical information about these people, see the
Has the legend changed much over the years?
The legend is in a constant state of change and
mega-embellishment, but oddly enough, separating fact from
fiction has become much easier because there is a strong, validated set of
historical facts that is used as a baseline, or "filter" of sorts, when
analyzing new Bell Witch information or versions.
Did the Bell Witch return to John Bell's most direct descendant in 1935 as
I do not know. I haven not found any credible information stating
that the entity returned, or that the account of its promise to return is
authentic. My Mother grew up in the area and was living there in the early
1930s. I once asked her about the entity's anticipated return and she
laughingly responded that nobody in Robertson County at the time talked or cared
about the entity's promised return because they had more important things to
worry about, such as rebuilding financially from the Great Depression.
Does John Bell have descendants living today?
Yes; in Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, and
Illinois -- just to name a few states. Some will discuss the legend,
others won't. Some are believers, some are indifferent, and others are skeptics--not
about the John Bell family's existence, but about the notion that a
paranormal entity haunted their ancestors. For early Bell
family genealogical information, see the
page. Please note that it is only a quick run-through; I am not an actual
It happened back in the 1800s; do people encounter the Bell Witch today?
I receive stories from all over the world regarding
supposed "Bell Witch" encounters.
Some of those accounts point to an unexplainable presence in the
area, others don't.
What is left of the John Bell farm?
The land is used mostly for farming. The Bell Witch Cave is a part of the
John Bell farm, and sits near the farm's northwest corner. A few old rocks in the middle of a field
mark where the John Bell, Sr. house is believed to have stood. The old well is nearby. The cemetery is in a thicket on a distant hill, and contains a
memorial stone dedicated to John and Lucy Bell. It was placed about 1957
by a descendant, Leslie Covington. The house/graveyard tract is still in the family, owned
by a private foundation. No visitors are allowed without prior
permission. I do not own the property and am not currently affiliated with
any property or business in the Adams area, so please do not ask me for
permission, or to get you permission. I must follow the same rules everyone else
follows. For more
information about private property, particularly the Bell farm, please see the
page of this
information about things to see, visit the Adams
How does the Bell Witch Cave figure into the legend; i.e., what happened there?
Several incidents occurred near the northwest corner of the Bell farm. The
cave incident involved a little boy who accidentally got his head stuck between
two rocks. After the boy had yelled for some time, the entire cave lit up
and invisible hands tugged at his legs. His head was freed and he was
pulled all the way back to the cave entrance by "Kate."
There is other history associated with the cave as
well, and it is a registered historic site.
Can Andrew Jackson's alleged encounter with the Bell Witch be proven?
No. Research of real estate records and Jackson's journals indicates that
he owned property in the Red River Settlement and often visited the
area--including the home of one "John Bell." There is no
documentation indicating that Jackson actually had an encounter with the
"Bell Witch." When I use the term "documentation," I
am referring to an eyewitness account written by Jackson himself and the ink and
signature authenticated. Also, there is considerable evidence that
suggests Jackson was not even in the area during the time of the haunting.
For the sake of additional insight and
validation, I would really like to get my hands on the journals of some of
Jackson's "right hand men" at the time of the disturbances; however, a
lack of time and money prevent me from doing so. I strongly suspect that
the "witch-tamer with a silver bullet" in Jackson's entourage (per the
legend) was none other than
John Gordon (1763-1819), who was a scout, spy, and very close friend of
Jackson. If the encounter really took place, I'm sure Gordon would have
written about it.
Why was the entity nice to Lucy Bell but mean to John and Betsy Bell?
I don't feel that the entity was nice to any of the Bells. I think the
entity tried to negatively impact the souls of everyone involved, and did so
using each person's "path of least resistance." In other words,
it worked on each individual person's weak spots to gain "control"
the entity sang and gave grapes and
Lucy Bell when she was sick, we must
remember that her children
and husband were being beaten severely at the very same time, and there
was nothing she could do to stop it. Being forced to eat grapes and hazelnuts,
which were allegedly delivered by the same hand that beat her husband and children,
is hardly considered "nice." Let's explore further.
Bell reportedly was a strong woman, hard worker, and had given birth to seven (7)
children. It would be absurd to say that she wasn't in good physical condition, or
that she had
a low threshold for physical pain.
John Bell, Jr.
big man, supposedly standing at 6'3. He was a military man and fought in the
battles of Horseshoe Bend and New Orleans. It would be absurd to say that John Bell, Jr.
wasn't in good physical condition or had a low threshold for physical pain.
never physically abused Mrs. Bell or John
Bell, Jr., but abused them EMOTIONALLY by forcing them to watch other
family members being abused relentlessly. The strongest attributes of
Mrs. Bell and John, Jr. were their bodies. It is only logical that EMOTIONAL
trauma, as opposed to physical trauma, would inflict the most pain on them.
let's contrast Lucy Bell and John, Jr. with
and Betsy Bell. Mr. Bell was
nearing 70 years of age, well beyond his physical prime, and did relatively little
physical labor on the farm (they owned
slaves). Betsy Bell was only in the
prepubescent stage when the abuse started. She also hadn't done much
physical labor and had yet to give birth to a child. John
and Betsy Bell made easy "physical" targets for the entity because their physical
strength and pain thresholds were much lower than their "emotional" thresholds;
hence, PHYSICAL trauma would inflict the most pain on them.
path of least resistance, or "weak point," is emotional in some people
and physical in others. The entity followed whatever path
it needed to take (physical or emotional) to inflict pain and negatively impact everyone involved.
more information on Lucy Bell, see the
About the Bell Witch
Is it true that if you stand in front of a mirror, spin around numerous times,
and say that you hate the Bell Witch, she will appear in the mirror or something
bad will happen to you?
No; not unless you spin too many times and get dizzy like I did, and fall.
Actually, this myth came from another legend, "Bloody Mary," and was
eventually applied to the Bell Witch
Is it true that the Bell Witch came into existence as the result of Betsy
Bell's having been physically abused by her father?
There is no proof that suggests such action took place.
Despite the lack of real, physical evidence, the "abuse theory"
has been popularized by several books, magazines, and Web sites which, in my
opinion, are seeking an easy, scandalous, and convenient closure to the legend.
The theory that a poltergeist can in some cases be evoked by recurrent
spontaneous psychokinesis (mind over matter in an involuntary sense) was
developed in large part by Dr. Nandor Fodor, a psychologist.
The theory states in a nutshell that a poltergeist can be evoked as the
result of severe emotional trauma, usually on the part of a teenager with
repressed psychokinetic energy. Much
emotional trauma was present during the John Bell era and was shared among many
people, and not just the Bell family.
addition, "Kate" displayed the characteristics of a poltergeist for
only a short time -- at the beginning of the
disturbances. The "abuse theory" as it pertains to the
Bell Witch legend is a speculative and presumptuous statement with no basis
As a serious researcher of
now 40+ years, I feel that the "abuse theory" is
just another silly Bell Witch myth. I would never recommend or otherwise endorse
any material based on it unless the material carries a disclaimer with it like
the movie, "An American Haunting," does. John Bell was a living human being; he is
no longer here to defend himself. I feel it is very rude, disrespectful,
and self-serving for people to accuse him of something so horrible. Such a serious
accusation (of a criminal act) requires probable cause and proof beyond a
reasonable doubt. That's the law. He is innocent until proven
guilty. I have directly requested proof from several of the "abuse
theorists," and I am still waiting for it, years later.
Is it true that John Bell and Kate Batts were "involved," and had a
falling-out that resulted in him killing her and her coming back from "the
other side" to haunt him?
No. There is no evidence that suggests they were
"involved." On the contrary, there is abundant evidence
suggesting that they would NOT have been "involved." For
example, John Bell was married to Lucy Williams Bell (you can find a reference
to this in the Last Will and Testament of John Williams, Lucy's father), and
Kate Batts was married to Frederick Batts (you can find a reference to this in
Halifax Co., North Carolina marriage records and several Robertson Co., TN real
estate and probate records. Mrs. Batts actually OUTLIVED John and Lucy Bell
both (this can be found in Robertson Co. TN probate
records, including a Trustee's accounting of the estate settlement). How
could Mrs. Batts have come back from the dead and haunted the Bells when she
outlived them? In addition, John Bell was at a much higher socio-economic
station than Mrs. Batts was (estate valuation and settlement records clearly attest
this doesn't actually prove they were not "involved," it
nevertheless provides strong evidence to that effect; and notwithstanding, Mrs.
Batts outlived John Bell as stated above. Interesting side note:
A prominent member of the Red River Settlement saw, on numerous occasions, Mrs.
Batts and Professor Richard Powell making eyes at each other and talking
privately some distance away from everyone else. This was passed down
through the witness' family. I am not at liberty to divulge the source (per an
Is it true that Kate Batts and John Bell had a property line dispute that
resulted in her putting a "curse" on him?
No. John Bell had a well-documented dispute with Benjamin Batts over the
sale of a slave. Benjamin and Kate Batts were not closely related.
Many people err in "assuming" that Benjamin was Kate's husband or
child, and that she concocted an "entity" to go after John Bell in
retaliation. The details of the slave dispute between John Bell and
Benjamin Batts can be found in the minutes of the Red River Baptist
Church. Additionally, real census records covering several decades
indicate that Kate and Fred Batts NEVER owned slaves. They couldn't afford
them; estate records attest to this.
It is clear why some people mistakenly thought the dispute was
with Kate Batts--1) they were assuming things, and 2) they were not paying
attention to detail. Where did the idea of it being a LAND deal come
from? Same answer--assuming things and not paying enough attention to
detail--but from a different dispute involving John Bell.
Bell had a little-known land dispute with Josiah Fort, another prominent farmer,
around the year 1816. This is also listed in the Red River Baptist Church
minutes; however, someone marked through the specific details in the original
minute book. Confusion between Bell's disputes with Josiah Fort and
Benjamin Batts resulted in stories that mixed the two and implicated Kate Batts
as being the "Bell Witch." For more information on the Forts,
see the Biographies page.
Is it true that John Bell was a bachelor and owned the first store in Adams,
No. John Bell was married to Lucy Williams and they had a total of seven children. Bell owned a plantation, not a store. A George Bell
(no relation to John Bell) of the Red River Settlement did in fact own the
area's first store, about 1800, which was four years prior to John Bell's
arrival. Additionally, the area did not become known as Adams until 1858,
when it became Adams Station -- named for merchant and railroad
stockholder, Reuben Adams.
Is it true that the Bells made up the entire "Bell Witch" thing for
the purpose of attracting interest in hopes that the Edgefield and Kentucky
Railroad would be built through the area?
No. The railroad was not built through the area until 1858-59, nearly 40
years after the disturbances. For more information, see the
Is it true that there is a "death curse" on all of the eldest males
born to each generation of Bells descended from John
No. The first male child of each generation, along with all the other children,
both male and female, will eventually die. We all will, some day.
Some male children in the family have died while experiencing a misfortune.
However, misfortunes (accidents of different types) are a very common
cause of death.
Is it true that the "Bell Witch" said Bells and Gardners could never
No. This only applied to
Betsy Bell and
Joshua Gardner. Many years
later, a John Bell descendant, Charlie Willett, courted a lady with the Gardner surname for quite
some time. They never married, and it is said that they were afraid the "Bell Witch" would disapprove of their
union. For more information on Betsy Bell and Joshua Gardner, see the
John Thomas Bell, son of Jesse Bell and grandson of John Bell, married a Martha
Ann Gardner. John Thomas Bell was the patriarch of the Mississippi version
of the "Bell Witch" legend. It is not known whether his marrying
a Gardner had anything to do with the disturbances his family endured after
moving to Mississippi. Also, Permelia Adeline Powell, daughter of Betsy
Bell and Richard Powell, married a William M. Gardner. I am unaware of
anything strange that happened as a result.
more Bell family genealogy, see the
A book came out in the 1930s that contained predictions made by the "Bell
Witch" during private discussions with John Bell, Jr. in 1828 regarding the
past, the present, and the future. Were these predictions real?
No. The discussions and predictions make for great reading and are
incorporated into several modern books, including mine, for their storytelling
value. Credible evidence
that contradicts the discussion/prediction aspect of the legend came to light in
the early 2000s.
It has been learned
that John Bell, Jr. died on April 8, 1862, and NOT May 8th,
as many authors and researchers have assumed. Based on the way in
which several of the predictions were worded, especially regarding
the Civil War and the date on which John Bell, Jr. really
died, there is no way the predictions were valid. Either the
"Bell Witch" erred in her predictions, or the author of the 1930s book
made them up (and was confused about the date of his grandfather's death).
A copy of the
evidence -- a sales receipt and Bill of Lading pertaining to
John Bell, Jr.'s gravestone -- exists with his real date of death (4/8/1862) listed
clearly. This is corroborated by a copy of an estate sale poster
hanging in the Adams Museum and Archives. Many thanks go to Tim Henson for finding the receipt and Bill of
Lading for John Bell, Jr.'s gravestone.
more information on John Bell, Jr., see the
What is your opinion about such-and-such book about the "Bell
As an ethical author, I can not generally provide reviews or commentaries of other authors' works
regarding the same subject matter. The only exceptions to this are the
and Charles Bailey Bell books, because of their historical significance in
shaping the legend, early on, and the intense scrutiny that has been placed on
them; in short, they are research tools. Even so, I limit my commentary to issues
of historical accuracy and possible embellishment, rather than the quality of the books themselves.
How did you go about researching the Bell Witch legend?
I lost interest in the "story" aspect when I was in my early
teens. From that point on (1978), I
researched the legend for the purpose of finding out what did and didn't happen,
and to learn the history of the land and characters involved.
research included sources such as tax records, real estate records, census
records, military records, pension records, birth and death records, probate
records, old manuscripts, diaries, journals, family Bibles, church records, and
lots of other information.
have interviewed hundreds of people, mainly descendants of those involved and people
who claim to have had encounters with the " Bell Witch" in recent
years. The research covered Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama,
Mississippi, Arkansas, and Texas. It took 22 years of travel and expense to complete the
My research continues; 2021 is the 43rd anniversary.
Was your book project and research done for profit?
No. If I had wanted to do it for profit, I would have
taken the high road and created an entirely fictitious version of the
legend, along with a closure, so I that could land a TV or movie deal out of it.
I am neither a profiteer nor an armchair historian. I like what I do, and
my mission, as it relates to this small part of my life,
is to simply get as much information out into the open as I can. Any money
that comes in from Bell
Witch-related efforts stays there, with the Bell Witch, to cover research
expenses, web site hosting, domain name fees, and printing expenses. I do not
use it for personal expenses; I have a job that pays for those.
Is the book fiction or non-fiction?
As the second inside page states, the book is a work of both history and
fiction. The book is no different from any other such book -- consider the
conversations between the characters as fiction; consider the many
"stories" as factionalization; consider fact-like statements without
footnotes as "most likely fact;" and consider footnoted statements as
being solid, verified facts. Regarding my theories and views on spirituality,
supernatural entities, etc., consider those as my own opinion based on
conclusions made from my research.
Why doesn't the book contain a bibliography?
The book is loaded with bibliographical information. It is not a generally-accepted practice for authors of paperbacks in the
horror/occult genre to include a book-style bibliography. Remember, we
are talking books here, not high school term papers.
I chose to take the
footnote/author note approach in documenting my sources because it lets me document the
specifics of each source, put them on the same page
where the information is shard, and provide side-discussions with additional
sourcing. This method is more complete than a simple
"bibliography" where you would find yourself constantly flipping to the
back of the book--and interrupting your reading experience--to see the
What was the purpose of your first Bell Witch book, "The Bell Witch
"The Full Account" was two years late
going to press because I had to wait on validation of a particular fact.
Readers, reviewers, and industry publications became insistent on having SOMETHING
"Bell Witch," despite TFA's late status -- an interim, or "bridge
book" of sorts. I woke up at 1:00 one morning and couldn't
sleep. So I fired up my laptop computer, got something to drink, and began typing and inserting pictures into MS Word. I
had finished "The Bell Witch Haunting," a
124-page book, by sunrise. I took the file to a printer later
that morning and had it printed.
Are you planning to write another "Bell Witch" book?
Anything is possible.
Do you live in Adams, Tennessee?
No. I currently live about 60 miles away.
More Bell Witch information: